Aeroplane (A) licences

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CPL or CPL/IR(A)

CPL(A) = EASA Commercial Pilot Licence (Aeroplanes)

CPL/IR(A) = EASA Commercial Pilot Licence & Instrument Rating (Aeroplanes)

Summary

Licence for the level of experience required to operate single pilot on single or multi-engine aeroplanes in commercial air transport. With an Instrument Rating you may also fly in cloud and controlled airspace.

Courtesy - Easyjet

Privileges

  • Privileges of a PPL(A) & Night Qualification
  • On any aeroplane [specified on the licence] as…
    • PIC/Copilot in operations other than commercial air transport
    • PIC in commercial air transport for a single pilot aeroplane
    • Copilot in commercial air transport & with an IR(A)
  • PIC/Copilot in controlled airspace under IFR

You must be

  • Aged 18
  • EASA Part-MED Class 1 Medical

Integrated Training Requirements

Complete an approved Integrated or Modular course of training, one of…

  • CPL(A) Integrated Course
  • CPL/IR(A) Integrated Course
  • ATPL(A) Integrated Course
  • CPL(A) Modular Course (see modular training)
    • IR(A) Modular Course (see modular training)

CPL(A) Integrated Course

Aim To train pilots to the level of proficiency for a CPL(A).
Initial Requirements None or some credit for a PPL
Total Flight Time ≥ 150 hours
Dual Instruction ≥ 80 hours
PIC ≥ 70 hours
Night ≥ 5 hours including ≥ 1 hour navigation
Instrument Instruction ≥ 10 hours
Complex Type ≥ 5 hours
Ground Exams
  • 350 hours of theoretical knowledge instruction
  • 13 multiple choice CPL exams
Flight Tests CPL(A) Skill Test in SE or ME aeroplane

CPL/IR(A) Integrated Course

Aim To train pilots to the level of proficiency necessary to operate single-pilot SE or ME aeroplanes in commercial air transport & obtain the CPL/IR(A)
Initial Requirements None or some credit for a PPL
Total Flight Time ≥ 180 hours
Dual Instruction ≥ 80 hours
PIC ≥ 70 hours
Night ≥ 5 hours including ≥ 1 hour navigation
Instrument Instruction ≥ 100 hours
Complex Type ≥ 5 hours
Ground Exams
  • 500 hours of theoretical knowledge instruction
  • 13 multiple choice CPL exams & 1 additional multiple choice IR exam
Flight Tests
  • CPL(A) Skill Test in SE or ME aeroplane
  • IR(A) Skill Test in SE or ME aeroplane

ATPL(A) Integrated Course

Completion of this course gives you a CPL/IR(A) with ATPL theory, called a Frozen ATPL (fATPL).  See ATPL(A) Integrated Training for further details.

Modular Training Requirements

Complete an approved Integrated or Modular course of training, one of…

  • CPL(A) Integrated Course (see integrated training)
  • CPL/IR(A) Integrated Course (see integrated training)
  • ATPL(A) Integrated Course (see integrated training)
  • CPL(A) Modular Course, after a PPL(A)
    • IR(A) Modular Course

PPL(A)

This is not a professional licence, but the first step on the modular route towards a CPL(A). However it is possible to be a Flight Instructor with only a PPL(A), under certain conditions.  For further details about the PPL(A) see the Private Pilot page.

Initial Requirements
  • Minimum Age 17, may start training earlier
  • EASA Part-MED Class 1 or 2
Total Flight Time ≥ 45 hours
Dual Instruction ≥ 25 hours
Solo ≥ 10 hours
Ground Exams 9 multiple choice exams
Flight Tests PPL(H) Skill Test

CPL(A) Modular Course

Aim To train PPL(A) holders to the level of proficiency necessary for the issue of a CPL(A).
Initial Requirements PPL(A) & ≥ 150 hours
Total Flight Time ≥ 200 hours including initial requirements
Dual Instruction ≥ 25 hours with credit for an IR
PIC ≥ 100 hours
Night ≥ 5 hours including ≥ 1 hour navigation
Instrument Instruction ≥ 10 hours with credit for an IR
Complex Type ≥ 5 hours instruction & ≥ 6 hours ME
Ground Exams For CPL(A) only

  • 250 hours of theoretical knowledge instruction
  • 13 multiple choice CPL exams

or if aiming for ATPL(A)

  • 650 hours of theoretical knowledge instruction
  • 14 multiple choice ATPL exams
Flight Tests CPL(A) Skill Test on SE or ME aeroplane

IR(A) Modular Course

Aim To train pilots to the level of proficiency necessary to operate aeroplanes under IFR & IMC.
Initial Requirements CPL(A) or a PPL(A) with Night Rating
Total Flight Time ≥ 200 hours including initial requirements
Dual Instruction ≥ 50/55 hours SE/ME with credit for CPL
Ground Exams
  • 150 hours of theoretical knowledge instruction
  • 7 multiple choice IR exams

(or 1 additional to CPL exams)

Flight Tests IR(A) Skill Test on SE or ME aeroplane

Development

  • A minimum number of take-off/landings are required in a 90 day period to keep the CPL(A) current.  An IR(A) is valid for a year and requires a revalidation test annually.
  • Class/Type Rating – to fly other aircraft types.
  • Flying Instructor (FI) Rating.
  • Instrument Rating (IR) for CPL(A) only – to fly as PIC/Copilot under IFR, i.e in cloud or in controlled airspace.  See modular training IR(A).

ATPL(A)

ATPL(A) = EASA Airline Transport Pilot Licence (Aeroplanes)

Summary

Licence for the level of experience required to operate single pilot on single or multi-engine aeroplanes in commercial air transport and as captain or co-pilot on multi-crew multi-engine aeroplanes (eg A320, B737) in commercial air transport.

Copyright Vincent Kok

Privileges

  • Privileges of PPL(A), CPL(A) & IR(A).
  • Act as PIC/Copilot of aeroplanes engaged in commercial air transport.
  • However privileges are restricted to that of a CPL/IR(A), co-pilot only on multi-crew commercial air transport, until meeting the requirements to unfreeze (see development).

You must be

  • Aged 21, although may achieve CPL/IR(A) earlier
  • EASA Part-MED Class 1 Medical

Integrated Training Requirements

Complete an approved Integrated or Modular course of training, one of…

  • ATPL(A) Integrated
  • ATPL(A) Modular Theoretical Knowledge (see modular training)

Note that completion of a course results in a Frozen ATPL(A) (fATPL) which is essentially a CPL/IR(A) with ATPL theory.

ATPL(A) Integrated Course

Aim To train pilots to the level of proficiency necessary to operate as co-pilot on multi-pilot multi-engine aeroplanes in commercial air transport & obtain the CPL/IR(A).
Initial Requirements None or some credit for a PPL
Total Flight Time ≥ 195 hours
Dual Instruction ≥ 95 hours
PIC ≥ 70 hours
Night ≥ 5 hours including ≥ 1 hour navigation
Instrument (all) ≥ 115 hours
Complex Type ≥ 5 hours
Ground Exams
  • 750 hours of theoretical knowledge instruction
  • 14 multiple choice ATPL exams
Multi-Crew Co-operation Complete an Approved Multi-Crew Co-operation Course.

  • ≥ 25 hours theoretical knowledge instructions
  • ≥ 15 hours of practical training

Modular Training Requirements

Complete an approved Integrated or Modular course of training, one of…

  • ATPL(A) Integrated (see integrated training)
  • ATPL(A) Modular Theoretical Knowledge

Note that completion of a course results in a Frozen ATPL(A) (fATPL) which is essentially an CPL/IR(A) with ATPL theory.

ATPL(A) Modular Theoretical Knowledge

Aim This module covers the ATPL theory exams.
Initial Requirements PPL(A) minimum – however you will need a CPL(A) and IR(A) eventually and these reduce the theoretical knowledge instruction required. For more information look at the CPL(A) & IR(A) Modular Training.
Ground Exams
  • 650 hours of theoretical knowledge instruction
  • 14 multiple choice ATPL exams
Multi-Crew Co-operation If you are a CPL/IR(A) holder and want to obtain an initial type rating on a multi-pilot aircraft then you must complete an Approved Multi-Crew Co-operation Course.

  • ≥ 25 hours theoretical knowledge instructions
  • ≥ 20 hours of practical training

Development

  • A minimum number of take-off/landings are required in a 90 day period to keep the fATPL(A) or ATPL(A) current  An IR(A) is valid for a year and requires a revalidation test annually.
  • Class/Type Rating – to fly other aircraft types, eg A320, B737.
  • Flying Instructor (FI) Rating.
  • “Unfreezing” the fATPL(A) to go from CPL/IR(A) to ATPL(A) privileges.  This means you may act as PIC of any aeroplane [specified on the licence] engaged in commercial air transport. You require:
Total Flight Time ≥ 1500 hours
Multi-Pilot Operations ≥ 500 hours
PIC or PICUS ≥ 250 hours or ≥ 500 hours
Cross Country ≥ 200 hours
Instrument ≥ 75 hours
Night ≥ 100 hours

MPL(A)

MPL(A) = EASA Multi-Crew Pilot Licence (Aeroplanes)

Summary

Licence to operate as copilot on multi-crew multi-engine turbine aeroplane (eg A320, B737) in commercial air transport.  The course is run in conjunction with a sponsoring airline.

Courtesy of British Airways

Privileges

  • Act as Copilot of any aeroplane [specified on the licence] which is required to be operated with a Copilot
  • Exercise the privileges at night
  • Exercise the privileges of an Instrument Rating in an aeroplane required to be operated with a Copilot

You must be

  • Aged 18
  • EASA Part-MED Class 1 Medical

Integrated Training Requirements

Complete an approved MPL(A) Integrated course of training.

Aim To train pilots to the level of proficiency required to operate as co-pilot of a multi-engine multi-pilot turbine-powered air transport aeroplane under VFR & IFR and to obtain an MPL.
Initial Requirements None, only ab initios may be admitted
Training Requirements
Flight Time ≥ 240 hours in aeroplanes and simulators. Four Phases:-

  1. Core Flying Skills = basic single engine single-pilot training
  2. Basic = introduces multi-crew & instrument flying
  3. Intermediate = multi-crew applied to multi-engine turbine aeroplanes
  4. Advanced = Type Rating with airline

Multi-crew Co-operation is incorporated into the course. Standards are equivalent to an ATPL(A).

Ground Exams
  • 750 hours of theoretical knowledge instruction
  • 14 multiple choice ATPL exams
Flight Tests MPL Skill Test in Phase 4

Modular Training Requirements

Modular training is not available for the MPL(A).

Development

  • A minimum number of take-off/landings are required in a 90 day period to keep the MPL(A) current.  An IR(A) is valid for a year and requires a revalidation test annually.
  • Class/Type Rating – to fly other aircraft types, eg multi-engine, A320, B737.
  • An MPL(A) holder may achieve a…
    • PPL(A) provided meet PPL requirements.
    • ATPL(A) for multi-pilot operations when meet ATPL “unfreezing” requirements (see ATPL(A) Development)
    • CPL(A) provided…
      PIC ≥ 70 hours inc cross country
      CPL Modular Instruction ≥ 20 hours inc complex type
      Flight Test CPL(A) Skill Test
    • IR(A) for single pilot operations provided training & single pilot IR(A) Skill Test.
    • ATPL(A) for single pilot operations if obtain CPL(A), IR(A) in ME aeroplanes and meet ATPL “unfreezing” requirements.

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